Carpet & Flooring Glossary

Embarking on a flooring project can sometimes feel like venturing into a world with a foreign language.

To assist our valued customers in navigating this landscape, we’ve compiled an essential glossary of flooring terms.

Whether you’re a homeowner, an interior designer, or just curious, this comprehensive guide will clarify the terminology used in the world of flooring.

From traditional options like “Carpet” to modern choices like “Vinyl,” our aim is to empower you with knowledge, ensuring you’re well-equipped to make informed decisions for your spaces.

Dive in and discover the foundation of flooring knowledge!

Acclimation: The process of allowing flooring materials to adjust to their environment before installation. This is especially important for wood floors to prevent future expansion or contraction.

Adhesive: A material used to bond the floor covering to the subfloor.

Backing: The underside layer of flooring, often used in vinyl and carpet tiles.

Bevelled Edge: A type of edge cut for wood flooring where the edges are cut at an angle.

Broadloom: Refers to carpet that is woven on a wide loom. Typically refers to rolls of carpet.

Bullnose: A rounded edge trim for stairs and counters.

Carpet: A textile floor covering made from materials like wool or synthetic fibres. It provides warmth, comfort, and sound insulation.

Carpet Padding: The cushion or layer beneath carpeting that enhances its feel and extends its life.

Ceramic Tile: A clay and mineral tile, often covered with a glaze.

Click-Lock Flooring: A type of floating flooring that connects via a clicking mechanism.

Delamination: The separation of the layers in a laminate or engineered flooring.

Distressed Finish: A technique to give wood a rustic or aged appearance.

Eased Edge: Slightly rounded edges in flooring planks, used to reduce the sharpness of edges.

Engineered Wood: A type of hardwood flooring constructed from multiple layers of wood, providing added stability.

Floating Installation: An installation method where flooring rests on top of the subfloor without being securely attached.

Glazed Tile: A ceramic tile coated with glass-forming minerals for a shiny appearance.

Grout: A dense fluid used to fill gaps, especially between tiles.

Hardness Rating: A measure of wood’s resistance to dents and wear. Commonly measured by the Janka scale for hardwoods.

Laminate: A multi-layer synthetic flooring product, fused together using a lamination process. It simulates wood or stone with a photographic layer under a clear protective layer.

Linoleum: Also known as ‘lino’, a flooring made from linseed oil, cork, dust, and resin.

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT): High-quality vinyl flooring that can resemble stone, ceramic, and hardwood.

Moisture Barrier: A protective layer or treatment to prevent moisture from penetrating the flooring.

Parquet: A geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative flooring.

Peel and Stick: A type of flooring that has adhesive on the back and can be installed by simply peeling off the backing and sticking the tile or plank to the floor.

Porcelain Tile: A type of ceramic tile that is fired at higher temperatures, making it more dense and moisture-resistant.

Reducer: A transition strip that connects two different types of flooring of different heights.

Seam Sealer: An adhesive used to seal and bind the edges of vinyl sheets together.

Solid Wood: Flooring made from a single piece of wood.

Stone Flooring: Flooring made from natural stone such as marble, granite, or slate.

Subfloor: The base layer or foundation on top of which the flooring is installed.

Tack Strip: A strip used to hold carpeting in place at the room’s edges.

Tongue and Groove: A method of fitting similar objects, often boards, together edge to edge. The main method for joining wood flooring.

Underlay: A material laid between the subfloor and the floor covering to provide cushioning, noise reduction, and insulation.

Veneer: A thin layer of decorative wood applied to a core of less expensive material.

Vinyl: A synthetic, resilient flooring option made from plastic and often used for its durability, water resistance, and versatility.

Wear Layer: The top layer of laminate or engineered wood flooring that provides resistance to stains and fading.